The key point of Matthew 5:17-20 is: Our righteousness must surpass that of the Pharisees and the teachers of the Law. Jesus said that he came to fulfill the Law, meaning Jesus came to demonstrate the true meaning of the Law. The Pharisees and the teachers of the Law added traditions to the Law. The Law + Traditions is the righteousness of the Pharisees and teachers of the Law, as a result, God’s Law lost its intended meaning.
Jesus gave five examples to explain the point. We covered the first two in our previous sermon: (1.) about murder v.21-26 (2.) about adultery and divorce v.27-32. Today, we would like to study the other three examples: (3.) about taking oaths in verses 33-37; (4.) about an eye for an eye in verses 38-42, and (5.) about loving one’s enemies in verses 43-47.